- by Charles M. Russell (1917)
As a boy, Charlie Russell's head was stuffed full of the Wild West tales personified by William F. (Buffalo Bill) Cody. In 1917, the year Cody died,
Russell recreated one of the episodes in the scout's career, Buffalo Bill's Duel with Yellowhand. In 1876, although already an established stage
performer, Buffalo Bill was back in the West serving as a scout for the Fifth Cavalry at the time of the death of Custer during the Battle of the Little
Big Horn-known to the Lakota as the Battle of the Greasy Grass. In July of that year, he was with the Fifth when they encountered a party
of Cheyenne. Russell undoubtedly relied on Cody's account - a story that had been told many times - of the personal duel between two warrior heroes. In his
memoirs, Cody tells of the leader of the party challenging him to a personal duel during which he killed the Indian in an exchange of rifle shots. Having
killed Yellow Hair (or as it has erroneously been rendered through the years, Yellowhand), Cody controversially "scientifically scalped him in about five
seconds" and, waving the trophy over his head, called out for the benefit of the approaching troopers, "The first scalp for Custer."
- 17 in. by 27 1/2 in.